Personal trainers can use the information from a Biomechanical Assessment to inform the training plan that they will prescribe a client. A complete Biomechanical Assessment will involve a complex evaluation of all parts of the structure, alignment and function of the feet, ankles, legs, thighs, hips and lower back. This will include assessing the feet, legs and body position whilst weight-bearing and non weight-bearing.
The Biomechanical Assessment will include an evaluation of various areas including:
- Range-of-motion at the joints
- The angular relationships of the segments of the foot and leg
We take walking and running for granted, and when everything is working fine, there's no reason not to. But when one or more components of this chain become misaligned or functions abnormally, the other parts of the musculoskeletal system find ways to compensate.
A Biomechanical Assessment can help to identify any aspects of biomechanical abnormality - from this information, appropriate remedies can be developed. Steps of a Biomechanical Assessment will include:
- Measurements of your forefoot, mid-foot, rearfoot and ankle joints.
- Measurements of your ankle bones, and leg rotation (internal & external)
- A standing evaluation of your shoulders, upper back, middle back, lower back and pelvis position.
- An evaluation of your movement and gait while walking or running on a treadmill - this is often videoed, from various vantage points, e.g., the front, the side, and the back.
Once the information is all gathered and the evaluation completed, a trainer can design an appropriate rehabilitation programme that will correct imbalances in muscle strength or flexibility. Alternatively, if there is a mechanical problem, an orthotic can be prescribed.